Every city throughout the world has its share of challenges, including air pollution, traffic congestion, and insufficient availability of resources. What most people don’t know, however, is that these cities also share the same solution to these different problems: IoT- also known as the Industrial Internet or the Internet of Things. It specifically refers to the ever-growing network of technology, including physical devices. For example, computers are no longer only MacBook Pros or Microsoft Windows 10. Also, smartphones and tablets with endless capabilities. With today’s widespread forms of technology, many local and state governments have decided to harness these modern mechanics to cut costs and improve efficiency throughout the country. These are the three categories into IoT initiatives:
- People and Communities: This form of IoT includes public safety applications, such as policing cameras and public Wi-Fi systems. According to StateTech Magazine, many cities have applied these forms of technology to create “smart parking,” or a type of parking lot that sensors when a parking spot is filled and sends the data via Wi-Fi to notify drivers of the parking lot’s occupancy level. Like most IoT applications, this saves people considerable time, energy, and money.
- Administration and Planning: According to StateTech Magazine, this category includes “inspection, permits, and regulation use cases that deploy connected sensors, house meters, and similar devices, often in place of human inspectors, with notebooks, tablets, and smartphones.” These smart appliances significantly improve the standard of living, as they detect and improve the prioritization of infrastructure repair and rebuilding, as well as advance the status of public safety.
- Energy and Infrastructure: This IoT category refers to smart street lighting, smart water, car sharing, and smart grid technologies. The majority of these types of IoTs focus on recognizing local environmental conditions. Also, applying this knowledge to use the region’s natural resources more effectively. Specifically, at the state level, governments are utilizing smart technologies to solve transportation issues, like highway messaging and ongoing traffic.